Selected Publications


King, E., Kinvig, K., Steif, J., Qiu, A. Q., Maan, E. J., Albert, A. Y., … & Lester, R. T. (2017). Mobile Text Messaging to Improve Medication Adherence and Viral Load in a Vulnerable Canadian Population Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A Repeated Measures Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research19(6), e190.

Kazi, A.M., Carmichael, J.L., Hapanna, G.W., Wangoo, P.G., Karanja, S., Wanyama, D., Muhula, S.O., Kyomuhangi, L.B., Loolpapit, M., Wangalwa, G.B., Kinagwi, K., Lester, R.T. (2017). Assessing Mobile Phone Access and Perceptions for Texting-Based mHealth Interventions Among Expectant Mothers and Child Caregivers in Remote Regions of Northern Kenya: A Survey-Based Descriptive Study. JMIR Public Health Surveill, 30(3).

Patel, A.R., Kessler, J., Braithwaite, R.S., Nucifora, K.A., Thirumurthy, H., Zhou, Q., Lester, R.T., Marra, C.A. (2017). Economic evaluation of mobile phone text message interventions to improve adherence to HIV therapy in Kenya. Medicine, 96(7).


Nachega, J.B., Skinner, D., Jennings, L., Magidson, J.F., Altice, F.L., Burke, J.G., Lester, R.T., Uthman, O.A., Knowlton, A.R., Cotton, M.F., Anderson, J.R., Theron, G.B. (2016). Acceptability and feasibility of mHealth and community-based directly observed antiretroviral therapy to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in South African pregnant women under Option B+: an exploratory study. Patient Prefer Adherence, 10,683-90.

Jongbloed, K., Friedman, A. J., Pearce, M. E., Van Der Kop, M. L., Thomas, V., Demerais, L., … & Spittal, P. M. (2016). The Cedar Project WelTel mHealth intervention for HIV prevention in young Indigenous people who use illicit drugs: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 17(1), 1.

van der Kop, M.L., Thabane, L., Awiti, P.O., Muhula, S., Kyomuhangi, L.B., Lester, R.T., Ekström, A.M. (2016). Advanced HIV disease at presentation to care in Nairobi, Kenya: late diagnosis or delayed linkage to care?—a cross-sectional study. BM Infectious Disease.

van der Kop, M.L., Muhula, S., Ekström, A.M., Jongbloed, K., Smillie, K., Abunah, B., Kinagwi, K., Kyomuhangi, L.B., Gelmon, L., Ojakaa, D., Lester, R.T., Awiti, P.O. (2016). Participation in a mobile health intervention trial to improve retention in HIV care: does gender matter? Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare.



Forrest, J. I., Wiens, M., Kanters, S., Nsanzimana, S., Lester, R. T., & Mills, E. J. (2015). Mobile health applications for HIV prevention and care in Africa. Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, 10(6), 464-471.

Jongbloed, K. (2015, November). Cedar Project mHealth Study: Exploring the feasibility and acceptability of an mHealth intervention for HIV treatment and prevention among young Indigenous people who use illicit drugs. In 143rd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (October 31-November 4, 2015). APHA.

Jongbloed, K., Parmar, S., van der Kop, M., Spittal, P. M., & Lester, R. T. (2015). Recent Evidence for Emerging Digital Technologies to Support Global HIV Engagement in Care. Current HIV/AIDS Reports, 12(4), 451-461.

Kim, J., Zhang, W., Nyonyitono, M., Lourenco, L., Nanfuka, M., Okoboi, S., … & Moore, D. M. (2015). Feasibility and acceptability of mobile phone short message service as a support for patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in rural Uganda: a cross-sectional study. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 18(1).

Lester, R. T. (2015). Connecting patient care to global health trends by health app analytics. Public health action, 5(4), 203.

Murray, M. C., O’Shaughnessy, S., Smillie, K., Van Borek, N., Graham, R., Maan, E. J., … & Pick, N. (2015). Health Care Providers’ Perspectives on a Weekly Text-Messaging Intervention to Engage HIV-Positive Persons in Care (WelTel BC1). AIDS and Behavior, 19(10), 1875-1887.



Smillie, K., Borek, N. V., Kop, M. L. V. D., Lukhwaro, A., Li, N., Karanja, S., … & Lester, R. T. (2014). Mobile health for early retention in HIV care: a qualitative study in Kenya (WelTel Retain). African Journal of AIDS Research, 13(4), 331-338.

Smillie, K., Van Borek, N., Abaki, J., Pick, N., Maan, E. J., Friesen, K., … & Murray, M. (2014). A qualitative study investigating the use of a mobile phone short message service designed to improve HIV adherence and retention in care in Canada (WelTel BC1). Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 25(6), 614-625.

van der Kop, M. L., Memetovic, J., Patel, A., Marra, F., Sadatsafavi, M., Hajek, J., … & Lester, R. T. (2014). The effect of weekly text-message communication on treatment completion among patients with latent tuberculosis infection: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (WelTel LTBI). BMJ open, 4(4), e004362.



Lanham, H. J., Leykum, L. K., Taylor, B. S., McCannon, C. J., Lindberg, C., & Lester, R. T. (2013). How complexity science can inform scale-up and spread in health care: understanding the role of self-organization in variation across local contexts. Social Science & Medicine, 93, 194-202.

Lester, R. T. (2013). Ask, Don’t Tell—Mobile Phones to Improve HIV Care. New England Journal of Medicine, 369(19), 1867-1868.

Mbuagbaw, L., Van Der Kop, M. L., Lester, R. T., Thirumurthy, H., Pop-Eleches, C., Smieja, M., … & Thabane, L. (2013). Mobile phone text messages for improving adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART): a protocol for an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised trials. BMJ open, 3(5), e002954.

van der Kop, M. L., Memetovic, J., Smillie, K., Coleman, J., Hajek, J., Natasha Van Borek, M. A., … & Marra, F. (2013). Use of the WelTel mobile health intervention at a tuberculosis clinic in British Columbia: a pilot study. Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine, 2(3), 7-14.

van der Kop, M. L., Ojakaa, D. I., Patel, A., Thabane, L., Kinagwi, K., Ekström, A. M., … & Marra, C. (2013). The effect of weekly short message service communication on patient retention in care in the first year after HIV diagnosis: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (WelTel Retain). BMJ open, 3(6), e003155.



Mbuagbaw, L., Thabane, L., Ongolo-Zogo, P., Lester, R. T., Mills, E. J., Smieja, M., … & Kouanfack, C. (2012). The Cameroon Mobile Phone SMS (CAMPS) trial: a randomized trial of text messaging versus usual care for adherence to antiretroviral therapy. PloS one, 7(12), e46909.

Thirumurthy, H., & Lester, R. T. (2012). M-health for health behaviour change in resource-limited settings: applications to HIV care and beyond. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 90(5), 390-392.

Van der Kop, M. L., Karanja, S., Thabane, L., Marra, C., Chung, M. H., Gelmon, L., … & Lester, R. T. (2012). In-depth analysis of patient-clinician cell phone communication during the WelTel Kenya1 antiretroviral adherence trial. PLoS One, 7(9), e46033.